How Web Pages Work


How Web Pages Work

by Marshall Brain



Creating a Simple Web Page

There are many ways to create Web pages. Hundreds of companies have
created tools to help with the process in one way or another. Our goal
here, however, is to understand how Web pages really work, rather than
have a tool hide the process from us. Therefore, we will use the
simplest tools possible — the ones already on your machine.

On your machine you have a program, or application, that can create simple text files. On Windows machines, this application is called Notepad. On a Macintosh, this program is called SimpleText.
If you cannot find these programs, it is also possible to use a basic
word processing program, like WordPerfect or Microsoft Word.

  • Note:
  • In a Windows 95/98 environment, click the Start button, click Programs, click Accessories and click Notepad.
  • In a Windows 3.1 environment, click Accessories (in the Program Manager) and click Notepad.
  • In a Macintosh environment, click Macintosh HD, click Applications and click SimpleText.

Once you have the proper program open on your screen, type (or cut-and-paste) the following HTML text into the window:

<html>
  <head>
    <title>My First Page</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    Hello there. This is my first page!
  </body>
</html>

Whether you put the tags and text side-by-side, row-by-row or
indented will not make a difference in how the text is displayed in a
browser window. Whether you use uppercase or lowercase letters within
your tags also does not make a difference.

Now you need to save
this file somewhere so that you can find it in a moment. Save it to the
desktop, or, better yet, to a directory that you set up to hold all of
the pages you are going to create. Save it to the filename first.html.

Next,
open the page in your Web browser (e.g., Microsoft Internet Explorer or
Netscape Navigator). All Web browsers have a way to open a file stored
on the local machine. In Internet Explorer and Netscape, select Open
File from the File menu at the top of the window. Open the file first.html. When you open it in your browser, it will look something like the image above.

Three things are identified in this figure:

  • You can see that the page has the title “My First Page.”
  • You can see that the page’s body contains the words “Hello there. This is my first page!”
  • You can see that the URL being displayed in the address window is C:WINDOWSDESKTOPfirst.html from the local hard disk, rather than the usual http://&#8230; that a URL would contain if we were receiving the page from a server on the Internet.

By looking at the HTML text that makes up your first page, you can see exactly how the page got its title and body.

Now that you have created and viewed your first Web page, you are
well on your way to becoming a Web page pro. The key to knowing
everything about how a Web page works is to learn more and more of the
HTML tags that let you customize your pages. You’ll also want to learn
about tools that can help you create tables, frames and graphics for
your pages. This Web page series will guide you through all of the
information you need.

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